08 Aug What is Joint Prosthesis?
It is an artificial device or implant that replaces damaged or worn tissues in a joint. joint prosthesis It is generally used to restore or correct functions that are impaired or dysfunctional due to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, trauma or other problems. It is most commonly used in large areas such as knees, hips, shoulders and elbows. These prostheses are made of durable materials such as metal, ceramic or plastic and are designed to support function, relieve movement and reduce pain.
In Which Situations Is Joint Prosthesis Applied?
They are generally applied for the following conditions: Joint Calcification is a condition that occurs as a result of wear and degeneration of surfaces. It manifests itself with symptoms such as pain, limitation of movement and impairment of functions. Dentures can be used to treat this condition by removing damaged surfaces and replacing them with metal or plastic implants. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease and causes inflammation.
This procedure may cause pain, swelling and limited movement. If it does not respond to medical treatments or if the damage reaches serious levels, joint prosthesis surgery may be considered. Permanent damage to the surfaces may occur as a result of serious injuries or fractures. In such cases, prosthetics can be used to reconstruct injured or damaged surfaces. Some people may be born with congenital disorders. In this case, prostheses can be used to restore normal joint function or at least improve quality of life.
Other problems such as inflammatory diseases, infections or tumoral diseases may also require surgery. Surgery should usually be considered if other treatment options (medication, physical therapy, injections, etc.) do not work or if the patient's quality of life is severely affected, but the situation may be different for each patient. This is evaluated based on a number of factors, including the patient's general health, age, activity level and response to surgery. Therefore, it is important to consult a specialist to consider such a surgical option.
What is the Process in Joint Replacement?
The process usually includes the following steps:
AlsoEvaluation and Preparation: At this stage, the patient undergoes a detailed physical examination and the damage and problems in the joint are evaluated using imaging methods such as X-ray and MRI. The patient should provide information about their health history, current medication use, and other medical conditions.
Planning: The doctor determines the most appropriate type of prosthesis (may contain metal, ceramic or plastic components) and size based on the patient's condition. The approach to perform the surgery (for example, anterior approach or posterior approach) and the postoperative rehabilitation program are decided.
Operation: The surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon removes the joint and places the prosthesis suitable for the patient's condition. Old surfaces are cleaned and prosthetic parts are placed on the bones. If necessary, correction of bones or tissues is also performed.
Wound healing: Postoperatively, the patient's wound healing is closely monitored. Stitches or clips are not removed until the wound is completely healed.
Rehabilitation: The patient's physiotherapy and rehabilitation process is important in the postoperative period. physiotherapists, joint prosthesis It recommends special exercises and treatment methods to restore the mobility and strength of the implanted area.
Home Care and Recovery: Patients should provide home care in the postoperative period in accordance with the recommendations of the doctor and physiotherapist. Pain, swelling, and mobility issues are normal after surgery, but improvement should occur over time.
Tracking Controls: The patient must go to the doctor for follow-up checks at certain intervals after the surgery. These checks ensure that the prosthesis is properly in place and that healing continues.
joint prosthesis Treatment may vary depending on the patient's general health condition, age, degree of damage and other factors. Therefore, an individual treatment plan is created for each patient. It is important for the patient to fully comply with the doctor's recommendations in the postoperative period for a successful recovery.