What is Cervical Disc Herniation?

What is Cervical Disc Herniation?

What is Cervical Disc Herniation?

Cervical disc herniation is also called "cervical disc herniation" in the medical literature and is a disorder that occurs as a result of the discs between the vertebrae in the neck herniating or compressing outwards. It is located at the top of the spine and is called the cervical spine. The cervical spine is a very important region that enables movement and protects the spinal cord and various nerves. Neck hernia, occurs due to damage or jamming of the disks in this area.

Discs in the neck can be thought of as cushion-like structures located between the vertebrae. Each disc is covered by a tough outer layer around the gel in the center. Healthy functioning of the discs helps to perform movements properly and protect the spinal cord and nerves.

What is Cervical Disc Herniation?

Cervical Disc Herniation Symptoms

The most common symptom of a cervical disc herniation is neck pain. The pain is usually felt in the lower part of the neck and may increase with movement. Pain occurs due to damage or inflammation of the discs. If it puts pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots, it can cause pain in this area that radiates to the arms and shoulders. This pain can sometimes radiate towards the arm. There may also be a feeling of weakness in the arm and hand muscles. If it puts pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots, it may cause numbness, tingling, or stinging sensations in the hands and fingers.

These symptoms can often be felt in one or both arms, starting from the neck. Cervical disc hernia can also cause headaches. This headache may be the result of irritation of the nerves in the neck or spinal cord. Headache may increase, especially during movements. Problems in the discs can cause stiffness and limitation of movement in the shoulder area. This may make it difficult to make normal movements.

Cervical disc herniation can cause the muscles to contract due to damage to the discs. This can cause tension and pain in the muscles in the area. Rarely, neck hernia It can affect the spinal cord and cause hearing or vision problems. These situations may require urgent medical attention. Symptoms may vary from person to person and depend on the severity of the cervical disc herniation case, the location of the hernia, and the patient's general health condition. Treatment is determined based on symptoms and diagnosis. Treatment options such as medications, physical therapy, exercises or surgery may be used.

Cervical Disc Herniation Treatment?

Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, weight control, regular exercise and maintaining correct posture are important to reduce the risk of herniation and speed up healing. Exercises performed as part of a physical therapy program can help strengthen muscles in the neck area and increase flexibility. It is especially important to stretch the neck, back and shoulders.

For example, it is important to ensure that the computer monitor is at eye level or use an ergonomic desk and chair. Cold compresses can reduce pain and inflation, while hot compresses can relieve muscle spasms. Hot or cold therapy should be used in accordance with the doctor's recommendation. If symptoms do not improve despite conservative treatments or there is severe pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots Neck hernia Surgical intervention may be required. Surgery may be done to remove the herniated disc or to relieve pressure.

What is Cervical Disc Herniation?

Things to pay attention

People diagnosed with cervical disc herniation should follow their doctors' recommendations regarding treatment and care. Sticking to the treatment plan can speed up the healing process. You should regularly use medications such as painkillers, muscle relaxants or anti-inflammatory medications prescribed by your doctor. It is important to take medications as prescribed and on time. Physical therapy programs are designed to strengthen neck muscles, increase flexibility and relieve pain.

Follow the exercises and treatment sessions recommended by your physical therapist without interruption. Do the exercises recommended by your doctor or physical therapist regularly. and These exercises can help strengthen neck muscles. Correct posture can relieve symptoms. Keep your back straight when sitting or standing, and make sure your monitor is at eye level when working at the computer.

Warm compresses can relax muscles, while cold compresses can reduce inflammation. However, you should use these treatment methods as recommended by your doctor. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can negatively affect the healing process. Avoid or limit these habits. Stress can increase pain. Stress management techniques can help you relax and reduce pain. You can try methods such as yoga, meditation and deep breathing exercises. Neck hernia If the symptoms do not improve despite conservative treatments or if there is serious pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots, surgical intervention may also be an option. It is definitely beneficial to consult a specialist doctor.

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