28 Aug What is Scoliosis Disease?
Condition in which the spine curves sideways scoliosis disease It is known as. It can occur to the right or left. It usually occurs during growth and is characterized by deviations from normal curves on the spine.
What are the symptoms of Scoliosis?
One shoulder may appear higher than the other, or the hips may be at different levels. Differences or curvature may occur in the area of the back where it should be straight. The spine may appear S or C shaped. scoliosis disease Its severity and shape may vary from individual to individual.
The curve may increase, especially during adolescence, due to growth rate. Protrusions or bumps may form on the spine. Back or waist pain may occur as a result of standing or sitting for long periods of time. As the spine becomes curved, mobility may also be limited.
One side of the dress may fit tighter than the other, or it may not fit properly. In severe cases, the chest cavity may become limited, which may affect respiratory and cardiac functions. If the disease is suspected, it is important to consult a doctor.
The doctor can make a diagnosis and determine the appropriate treatment plan through physical examination and, when necessary, x-rays or other imaging methods. scoliosis disease Treatment may vary depending on severity, age and general health of the patient.
What are the Risk Factors for Scoliosis?
Family history may increase risk. If there are cases in your family, your chances of getting this disease may increase. The risk is higher in girls than in boys. The possibility of development may increase due to hormonal changes, especially during adolescence.
The risk may be higher in young people who experienced rapid growth during adolescence. This is associated with the influence of hormonal changes related to spine development. It usually begins in childhood or adolescence, but can also develop in adulthood, often associated with degenerative changes.
Congenital spine anomalies or other structural problems, scoliosis disease may increase the risk. Weak or unstable muscles around the spine may increase the risk. Neuromuscular diseases can make it difficult to control muscles and increase the risk of developing them.
Some health problems, such as Marfan syndrome and congenital heart diseases, may also increase the risk. Long-term incorrect posture or incorrect movement habits can increase the risk of curvature of the spine. Spinal injuries or surgical interventions can affect the structural integrity of the spine and increase risk.
Remember that risk factors may differ in each individual, and the presence of only one or a few risk factors does not mean that the disease will develop. scoliosis disease It is important for individuals at risk to go for regular medical check-ups and, if necessary, to receive treatment in accordance with expert recommendations.
What are the Treatment Methods for Scoliosis?
In mild cases, the doctor may monitor the patient at regular intervals to check the progression of the spinal curve. Special exercises guided by physical therapists can help correct or slow the progression of spinal curves by strengthening the muscles.
At a young age, when the spine has growth potential, the use of a corset may be recommended to stop or slow down the progression of the curve. A corset is a device that supports the waist and chest area. Corset treatment is applied according to the severity of the curve and the age of the patient. If the curve is severe or continues to progress, surgical intervention may be considered.
Surgical options may include straightening, stabilizing, or fusion (fusing vertebrae with bone grafts and metal implants) of the spine. Minimally invasive surgical techniques aim to provide surgical intervention with smaller incisions and less tissue damage. Thanks to this approach, the healing process can be faster.
Supportive alternative treatments such as massage, acupuncture, and chiropractic treatments may relieve symptoms in some people, but there is no scientific consensus on the effectiveness of such treatments.
scoliosis disease Treatment should be customized to each patient's individual needs and health status. Therefore, once diagnosed, contacting an orthopedic specialist is the best step. The specialist will evaluate the situation and determine the most appropriate treatment plan.